by Camille Pissarro* in the early 1880s and
following the patriarch's longstanding committment to Impressionism, Paul Signac (1863
- 1935) created the derivative movement of Pointillism with his close friend Georges Seurat; although he
produced relatively few prints, his color lithographs are to be counted among
the masterpieces of this movement.
With Seurat, and in protest against the conservative Salon des Artistes Français, Signac co-founded the Société des Artistes Indépendants
in 1884 , which he presided from 1908 until his death. The political
implications here were also apparent, as may be seen in their motto, "Sans jury ni récompense" ["Without a jury or awards"].
As the result
too of his long friendship with Gustave Caillebotte, Paul Signac became an avid
sailor, which allowed him to pursue his art through a life-long interest in rendering
seascapes and port scenes, as with the lithographs shown here.
* Pissarro and Signac were also closely linked to the libertarian movement in France, notably Jean Grave's anarchist newspaper, Les Temps Nouveaux, to which they both contributed militant lithographs. Signac's contribution was entitled Les Démolisseurs, (right,
Kornfeld 15.II, a rare 2nd state impression, one of only a few
impressions before the address, on van Gelder laid paper, private
collection, Toronto, Ontario, CA) a forceful composition showing workers
diligently dismantling the old world order so as to refound it anew, as
symbolized by a rising sun in the background to the left.
En Hollande — La Balise
Saint Malo I, II, and III